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INFRASTUCTURE

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CHAPTER-7

INFRASTRUCTURE

          The development of Infrastructure & Institutional Support is a pre-requisite for economic development on an area.

7.1    TRANSPORTATION:

          Position of transport for industrial purpose is discussed under the flowing heads.

A)      RAILWAYS:

Because of the hilly terrain of the State, railway transportation plays minor role in the state. There are two narrow gauge lines in the State viz. i) Kalka-Shimla line and (ii) Pathankot-Jogindernagar line. The use of these lines is also limited to transporting of goods like coal, timber, potatoes etc. for industrial sector.

B)      ROAD TRANSPORT:

In the hilly area like HP, where railway plays a negligible role, roads act as vital arteries in the economy of the State. The position of the road transport developed in the State is given in the table.

Table 7.1 Length of Road (Kms.)

Year

Double lane motor able

Single lane motor able

Jeep able

Less than Jeep able

Total

2002

2336

20427

781

3959

27503

2003

2336

21100

598

3771

27805

2004

2344

21648

481

3611

28084

2005

2355

22567

442

3103

28467

2006

2369

23599

390

2653

29011

2007

2374

25210

381

2299

30264

2008

2374

26783

365

1990

31512

2009

2377

27925

345

1803

32450

2010

2384

288832

300

1655

33171

2011

2403

29464

290

1565

33722

2012

2411

29999

276

1483

34169

2013

2415

30550

260

1422

34647

                                                                     Source:-Deptt. of PWD, Himachal Pradesh 

          From the above table, it is observed that transport have developed in the state on a very fast pace.  This may be judged from the table that the length of roads which was 27503 Kms. in the year 2002 has gone up to 34647 Kms. as on March 2013.  Further more and more Jeep able and less than Jeep able roads are brought under the Double and Single lane motor able roads year after year. Pardhan Mantari Gram Sadak Yojana has given further momentum towards the road infrastructure development in the rural areas of the state. 

C)      WATER TRANSPORT:

          Though there are a number of rivers flowing through the state but water transport is almost negligible in the State

D)      AIR TRANSPORT:

          The State has appeared on the Airways map also. There are three airports in the State located at Bhuntar (Kullu), Jubber hatti (Shimla) and Gaggal (Kangra).

 7.2.  ENERGY:

Energy is a vital input for fuelling the speedy economic growth. Renewable and non-renewable sources of energy are the two constituents of total energy. Renewable sources of energy include hydropower, fuel wood, biogas, solar, wind, geo-thermal and tidal power. Non-renewable sources of energy include coal, oil and gas. Coalmines and oil wells are not available in Himachal Pradesh.

Solar energy and biogas have good scope for generation of energy in the State of Himachal Pradesh. Some progress has been made to exploit these sources commercially. Presently the main source of power in the State is the hydroelectric power. The following tables give an account of installed capacity, electricity generated, and consumption of electric power of electricity in Himachal Pradesh.

Table 7.02 Consumption of Power in Himachal Pradesh (MUs)

Category

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

2011-12

2012-13

Domestic

948.3

1058.4

1089.1

1111.6

1282.0

1398.7

1618.4

Non- Domes. Non- Comm.

63.4

77.3

80.6

89.9

89.5

95.9

106.8

Commercial

225.8

248.2

274.7

305.6

356.6

365.0

411.0

Industrial

2553.5

3100.4

3385.3

3596.9

3993.7

4288.5

4511.4

Govt. Irrigation & WSS

324.9

335.0

389.3

414.9

409.9

430.7

454.0

Street Light

11.3

12.6

13.0

12.5

12.5

12.7

13.9

Agriculture

26.4

26.7

28.7

36.6

35.1

35.5

46.6

Temporary

19.4

23.4

22.7

27.1

24.7

28.5

25.9

Bulk and Others

127.5

146.5

177.1

218.7

235.6

173.2

169.8

TOTAL

4300.4

5028.7

5460.5

5814.3

6440.2

6828.7

7357.8

Source: H.P. State Electricity Board

 

 

Table 7.03 Installed capacity & generated of electricity in Himachal Pradesh

Year

Installed capacity in H.P. HPSEB (MW)

Generation of Power (MUs)

2005-06

329.1

1332.4

2006-07

467.1

1432.4

2007-08

467.1

1864.9

2008-09

467.1

2075.1

2009-10

467.1

1804.1

2010-11

467.1

2045.3

2011-12

471.45

2019.958

2012-13

471.45

1800.19

Source: H.P. State Electricity Board

          Himachal Pradesh has been blessed with vast hydroelectric potential in its five river basins, namely Yamuna, Satluj, Beas, Ravi and Chenab and through preliminary hydrological, topographical and geological investigations, it has been estimated that about 23,000 MW of hydel power can be generated in the state by constructing various major, medium, small and mini/micro hydel projects on the five river basin. Out of this hydel potential only 8368 MW has been harnessed by various agencies which also includes 473 MW by H.P.S.E.B. The State Govt. has adopted multi pronged strategy for power development through State Sector, Central Sector, Joint Venture and Independent Power Producers. With the completion of ongoing power projects such as Karcham-Wangtoo, Koldam , Rampur and many other hydel projects, the state would not  only be able to feed the rising demand of the  industrial sector of the state but would also be able to meet the requirement of the northern region of the country. Out of the total electricity consumed during the year 2012-13, around 61% was consumed by the industrial sector which is increasing year after year due to the increase in industrialization in the state.

7.3   AVAILABILITY OF INDUSTRIAL LAND

Availability of Industrial land is an important contribution that a Government can provide for industrial development. Himachal Pradesh got full statehood in 1971. Thereafter, the stress was laid on infrastructure development and industrial areas were developed at Parwanoo, Barotiwala, Bilaspur, Shamshi, Nagrota Bagwan, Mehatpur & Chambaghat, and the plots have been allotted in these industrial accommodations to cater the dire need of land for industrialization. Industrial focal points are established at many Industrial Centres of Himachal Pradesh, rural industrial estates are also established in the State to give impetus to rural industrialization and to remove regional imbalances.

7.4    EDUCTIONAL FACILITES:

 

Table 3.03 Education Institutions in Himachal Pradesh (2012-13)

Type of Institution

Nos.

Universities

15

Degree Colleges

118

Law Colleges

09

Sanskrit Colleges

22

Teachers Training College (B. Ed)

31

High/Sr. Secondary Schools

2126

Middle/Senior Basis Schools

2317

Primary Schools/Junior Basis

10739

NIT

02

Engineering Colleges

20

NIFT

01

Polytechnic Institutions

34

ITIs

222

B-Pharmacy

13

D-Pharmacy

6

Source: State Statistical Abstract of H.P., 2012-13

          At present the state has one National Institute of Technology (NIT) at Hamirpur and one at Mandi, 20 Engineering Colleges, 34 Polytechnic Institutions and 13 B-Pharmacy Colleges serving in the state under the department of Technical Education. Besides, the state has 222 I.T.I’s. catering to the need of industrial sector.

          The state has fourteen Universities (10: Private) in the State to meet the educational need of the students of H.P as well as of other States. Four Govt. sector Universities in the State are Himachal Pradesh University, Summer Hill, Shimla, Dr. Y S Parmar University of Horticulture & Forestry, Nauni, Solan, Himachal Pradesh Agricultural University, Palampur, Central University, Dharmsala, Kangra and ten private Universities are also functioning in the State.

7.5   MEDICAL INSTITUTIONS:

Table 7.05 Medical Institutions (2012-13)

Medical Colleges

02

Dental Colleges

05

H.P. Medical Council

03

GNM Schools

33

B.Sc. Nursing Colleges

13

Source: State Statistical Abstract of H.P.  2012-13

 

          At present the State has two Medical Colleges and one Govt. Dental College, beside, there are five Dental colleges in private sector and three HP councils also functioning. There are 33 GNM Schools and 13 B.Sc. Nursing Colleges are also functioning in the state. The main objective is of providing better medical education systems and training to Medical and Para Medical & Nursing personnel to monitor and coordinate the activities of Medical & dental services of State.

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