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THRUST INDUSTRIES

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CHAPTER-10

 

THRUST INDUSTRIES

          In the pre section of this chapter list of items, which have scope for development in the state, is given. Out of this 6 items have been selected as candidate industries and description for these items have been given below:

 

10.1  FRUIT PROCESSING /PRESERVATION:

          Himachal Pradesh is famous for its fruit production in India. Various types of fruits are grown in this hilly state but the most popular fruit of this state is apple. Himachal Pradesh is known as the Apple State of India.

          During 2012-2013 total fruit production of the state was 540775 Tones, out of which 412361 tones was apple production alone.  Apple is most important fruit crop of the state which constitutes about 48.30% of the total area under fruit crop and about 76.25% of the total fruit production.  Mango and Lichi are also emerging an important fruit crop in the state and fetching good prices in the market. Agro climatic conditions are also favorable for the production of Kiwi, Olive and Strawberry in the mid hill zone of the state. At present most of the fruit is sold in the market of the whole India for direct consumption and some quantity of fruit is processed in the existing fruit processing units of the state like HPMC, which has two fruit processing units located at Parwanoo in Solan district and Jarol in Mandi district. In addition to this, there are nine fruit canning units of the department of horticulture which are also engaged in the processing of fruits in the state.  Beside this HPMC also procures fruit from the growers at support price and process the same in its plants.

          However, a good quantity of fruits, particularly from the remote areas of the state go waste as growers do not find it economical to take their entire produce to the market on account of lack of proper transportation and marketing  facilities. Hence a good number of fruit processing/preservation units like Jam, Juice, Jelly, Pickle, Chutney, Squash, Fruit canning, Apple/Fruit Cider, etc. can be set up in the state. Moreover, horticulture produce based units come under the list of priority industries in the state and special types of incentives are provided for such units.

 

10.2  AYURVEDIC MEDICINES:

          As has been mentioned above, this state is endowed with nature’s treasure like valuable herbs, plants, flowers etc. Some of these herbs/plants available in the state are guchhi, Tej Patta, Patish, Banbakari, Dhoop Roots, Bharami, Katha etc.This treasure is presently being drained out of the state at a very cheap price. Hence, there is a good scope of processing of these herbs/ shurbs and making medicines out of it within the State these herbs are used for making Ayurvedic medicines. At present there are 3 Ayurvedic pharmacies one each at Joginder Nagar in distt. Mandi, Majara in distt. Sirmour and Paprola in district Kangra. These pharmacies are manufacturing some classical medicines which are supplied to health institution of the state. In order to cultivate propagate and conserve the herbal wealth, the department of Ayurveda Himachal Paradesh is planning to revive its three herbal gardens i.e. Dumreda (Shimla), Neri in (Hamirpur) and Jogindernager in district Mandi.  The fourth herbal garden in Jungle Jhalera in district Bilaspur has been started recently with the financial assistance of the National Medicinal Board. Under these projects there is planning to develop good quality plant materials/seeds and to promote contract farming by encouraging the inhabitants of the areas to produce the precious plants. 

 

10.3  WOOLLEN HOSIERY:

          Except for 3-4 months of summer, the climate of the most part of the state remains cold. Hence, a great deal of demand exists for woolen hosiery like woollen shawls, cardigans, socks, gloves etc. Most of the demand of woollen hosiery is met from Ludhiana, which is a renowned centre for woollen hosiery in the country. Kullu district is famous for its Kullu shawls which are knitted mostly on handlooms. Looking into the huge demand for woollen hosiery from the inhabitants as well as increasing flow of tourists, this industry can flourish in the state provided some modernization is made and infrastructure is provided on the pattern of Ludhiana. Moreover local wool based units have been declared as priority industry in the state and special incentives have been provided for wool based units.

 

10.4  DAIRY PRODUCTS:

          Rearing of livestock is another important activity of the farmers of the state. With the increase in urban population, demand for milk and milk based products are increasing day by day, as a result farmers are motivated to rear cross breed cows and buffalos. During the year 2012-13 around 1138.612 thousand tones of milk was produced in the state. H.P. Milk Federation is playing an important role in marketing and processing the rural milk through 822 rural milk societies including 185 women Dairy Cooperative. The surplus milk collected through these societies is processed in five milk processing plants run by the HIMFED. At present the H.P. Milkfed is running 22 milk chilling centers having a total capacity of 86,500 liters milk per day and eight milk processing plants having a total capacity of 85,000 liters milk per day. One power plant of 5 MT per day at Duttnagar in Shimla district and one cattle feed plant of 16 MT per day capacity at Bhor in district Hamirpur has been established and functioning. The average milk procurement is about 63,000 litters per day from the villages through village dairy cooperatives. The H P Milkfed is marketing approx. 20,000 liters of milk per day which includes milk supply to Punjab and supply to army units in Dagshai, Shimla, Palampur and Yol areas. The milk collected to milk chilling centres is transported to milk processing plants where it is processed, packed and marketed in sachets as well as in loose containers. 

          Growing unemployment and increase in demand of milk has motivated many youths in the rural areas to adopt this profession as a good source of income earning. If these rural youths are motivated to form more societies, by giving easy finance and the available milk is collected in organized manner then there is scope for setting up few more processing /chilling units in the state.

 

 8.5.            MUSHROOM GROWING & CANNING:

          The climate of Himachal Pradesh is very conducive for the cultivation of mushroom. Solan district is most suited for growing mushroom. As an ancillary horticulture activity,   cultivation of mushroom is also being promoted by the Govt. in the state. Directorate of National Mushroom Research & Training Centre located at Chambaghat, Solan is looking after the training needs of the entrepreneurs willing to grow mushroom. Beside this department of horticulture is also actively engaged in the promotion of mushroom cultivation. Pasteurized compost for mushroom production is produced at two departmental mushroom development projects located at Chambaghat & Palampur and distributed to the mushroom growers. 5993 MT of Mushroom was produced in the State during the year 2010-11. On account of its nutritional value the demand of this product is good in the State as well as outside the State. Hence, there is good scope of mushroom growing and canning. Canned mushroom can be marketed in any part of the Country.

 

Project Profile

Aluminium fabricated items like doors, windows, staircase, hand rails and supports, railings for verandas, corridors etc. Aluminium fabricated items like doors, windows, staircase, hand rails and supports, railings for verandas, corridors etc.

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State Profile

Himachal Pradesh is the land of lush green fields and vibrant entrepreneurial culture. It is one of the fastest growing States of the country.

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Source: Official Website of MSME, Last Updated on 20 - 09 - 2017

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